Why Choose IBE:

 

√ Over 17 years PCBA/PCB assembly experience
√ One-stop PCB assembly service
√ More than 150 PCBA equipment and 20 PCB assembly lines
√ Strict and comprehensive quality inspection
√ No quantity restriction (No MOQ)
√ Fast and on-time delivery time
√ The lowest factory price
√ Partner of many world-renowned brands 

Robotics PCB assembly IBE provides

With the continuous development and application of robots, as an integrated manufacturer of robot PCB production, design and assembly, IBE has provided many high-quality PCB assembly products for many robot companies in the past 17 years.

We are Expanding Your Sales and Sectoral Brand Value. Work with us, Get Rid of PCB Assembly Ordinary Methods and Maximize Your Benifits.

Delivery on time

With its own workshop of 70,000 square meters, the monthly production capacity of PCB reaches 100,000 square meters, which can meet all orders from samples to batches.

Provided the service of manufacturing high-difficulty boards

Specializing in mass production of various high-difficulty, high-precision density circuit boards, the products cover consumer electronics, industrial control, medical equipment, military, automotive electronics, communications and other fields.

Quality Assurance

We have complete ISO9001, ISO13485, ISO14001, IATF 16949, UL and other system certifications, and our products meet environmental protection requirements.

Professional customer service team

We have a complete and user-friendly pre-sales and post-sales management system, which can quickly and comprehensively respond to the individual needs of customers, and provide customers with technical support, production operations and order services 24 hours a day.

Robotics PCB assembly in automation industry

The advancement of robotics is spurred by the latest technologies and advances in 5G, edge computing, machine learning (ML), artificial intelligence (AI), and new challenges. Besides, the development of automation also need robots to achieve higher level of technology. PCB is a essential part for robots manufacturing. Therefore, with numerous ventures using advanced mechanics, picking PCB arrangements, which meet the unique and different requirements of computerized devices is currently turning out to be truly significant.

1.What is robotics PCB assembly?

What-is-Robotics-PCB-assemblyRobotics PCB Assembly is a sequential deterministic strategy broadly used in industry to collect different parts. This assembly approach has three significant stages:
1.Feed parts
2.Pick and place parts
3.Join parts in determined position and direction

The high thickness of parts, various layers, fragile and minuscule parts, and little pitches request accuracy and additional consideration in this industry. Therefore, despite being an innovation serious industry, it is yet labor intensive.

Robotic PCB assembly get together isn’t a piece of all production lines yet, yet all the same it’s turning out to be more normal. That is particularly the situation for organizations that need to remain cutthroat and stay aware of expanding client requests. Robotics PCB assembly can convey further developed precision, higher uptime, smoother work processes, and lower blunder rates by handling processes that are inclined to mistakes or stoppages.

Regardless of how gently things are dealt with and done by people, the industries face difficulties connected with errors, wastages, and failures. Further, there is rising ferocious rivalry and the interest for new items consistently. Accordingly, PCB makers are searching for inventive and effective approaches to assembling.

2. Robotics PCB assembly manufacturing

Robotics-PCB-assembly-manufacturingAssignments inside the electronics industries require elevated degrees of care and precision because of their little size and intricacy. Especially where the small size of electronic parts in concerned, Robotics PCB assembly for instance, parts are much of the time little and effectively dislodged.

With numerous electronic makers using combinations of computerization and manual activity inside assembly processes, there are weaknesses in item quality and potential for deficiencies, disappointments, and the requirement for adjust.

Here i will take IBE company as an example to introduce the whole robotics PCB assembly process.

2.1 Solder past

SOLDER-PASTE-PRINTERAfter loader, solder paste printing is the first step of the robotic PCB assembly. Its purpose is to apply the solder paste onto the PCB surface and makes preparation for the following process –SMT. Printing process includes:

Inspection before printing
● Is the PCB correct and free of dirt and defects
● Whether the steel mesh is consistent with the PCB
● Whether the solder paste is correct and the storage environment.(Solder paste printing thickness is stencil thickness -0.02mm~+0.04mm)

Process :
1. Fix the correct stencil to the press and debug.
The blade is assembled to the printing press.
2. Add the solder paste to the stencil with a solder paste stirring knife.
3. Put it into the PCB board for printing, the first 5 PCS boards to be printed require full inspection and a stencil cleaning.
4. Check the printing effect every half an hour to see if there are any bad phenomena (less tin, continuous tin, tip drawing, displacement, missing printing, more tin, collapse, dirty PCB board, etc.).

The stencil configuration is a profoundly difficult undertaking since the accuracy of the stencil’s shape and consistency of stencil thickness are fundamental for exact and deliberate PCB gathering. The common thickness scope of a stencil is somewhere in the range of 0.0254mm and 0.762mm.

2.2 SMT patch

SMTSMT is a popular surface mount technology and process in the electronics assembly industry. The soldering material solder paste is printed on the pads of the bare PCB board, and then the electronic components are mounted on the pads of the bare PCB board by a high-speed SMT machine.

2.3 SMT reflow

REFLOWThis process is generally behind the patch to complete the soldering of the patch components. It melts the solder paste by heating, and realizes the solder for the electrical connection between the component pins and the circuit board pads.

The reflow soldering process is a surface mount board, and its process is more complicated, which can be divided into two types: single-sided mounting and double-sided mounting.

Single side mount
Pre-coating solder paste → SMT (manual placement and automatic machine placement) → Reflow soldering → Inspection and electrical testing.

Double Sided Mounting
Pre-applied solder paste on A side → SMD (divided into manual placement and automatic machine placement) → Reflow soldering → Pre-applied solder paste on B side → SMD (divided into manual placement and automatic machine placement) → Reflow soldering → Inspection and electrical testing.

2.4 AOI

AOIAfter the circuit board has completed the previous process, it needs to be tested. AOI’s camera will automatically scan the PCB and capture images, and compare and analyze with the qualified parameters in the database. Then when defects is found, the location is automatically marked for easy repair.

2.5 Wave soldering

The purpose of wave soldering is to make the circuit board with the inserted or mounted components in contact with the wave crest of the molten solder to realize continuous automatic soldering.
Insert the components into the corresponding component holes → pre-coating flux → preheating (temperature 90-100°C, length 1-1.2m) → wave soldering (220-240°C) cooling → cutting off excess plug pins → inspection

2.6 Function testing

FCTIn order to ensure that the PCB board can be used normally, a comprehensive test should be carried out at the end. In this step , we will test PCBs’ parameters-resistance, capacitance, voltage, current, frequency, waveform, etc. Especially it is suitable for electronic products used in important occasions such as automotive electronics, aerospace, military industry, etc.

3. Consideration in robotic PCB design

The robotic PCB assembly ordinarily starts with the schematic. The design stage is significant for the course of action and framing of the parts. While designing the PCB there’s a should be explicit, to forestall issues during the assembling and assessment phases. Various contemplations for the plan incorporate package configuration, drill size, and follow width.

3.1 Package design

While designing, guarantee you fathom the view that the package makes. By and large, you wish to make the PCB package base view. On the off chance that utilizing it at the top, guarantee you reflect that plan to ensure the parts’ evenness.
Because of the package restricted space, think about utilizing the two sides. Take for instance, you can put the bottom surface mounted devices onto the tops through hole parts. Likewise, utilize connectors that are more minimal in saving space, were fundamental.

3.2 Size of drill hole

PCBs must have small holes drilled in the board to allow the pins of the components to be inserted, or to allow different layers of the line to be connected up and down (VIA) before the components can be inserted. As PCB boards become more and more integrated, the requirements for the hole diameter is increasingly “small”, the hole diameter in the 0.1mm level. The types of PCB drilling are: VIA, pad, Npth. The quality of the drilled holes is related to the structure and characteristics of the PCB substrate, the working environment, the quality of the drill bit, etc.

Some space will be loaded up with weld, consequently diminishing the important drill size and afterward compensating for disparities between the opening and the necessary space.

3.3 Trace width

Trace width helps in deciding the accessible space in conveying current. Both the ground line and electrical cable utilize follows. Additionally, both should include adequate width. Besides, don’t make formats requiring 90-degree, sharp turns in these follows.

At the point when the trace size isn’t sufficiently wide, there can be heat harm on the PCB parts. Notwithstanding, keep away from the trace size from being so wide in disrupting the other PCB parts.Consideration-in-PCB-Design

4. The standards of robotics PCB assembly

To control the interaction quality, IPC-A-610 is a generally utilized industry standard characterizing the worthiness rules of robotics PCB assembly. It depicts how the robotics PCB assembly are to be taken care of with satisfactory binding outcomes for THT and SMT boards. There are numerous IPC principles related with the robotics PCB assembly process. A portion of the normally utilized guidelines are given below.

● IPC J-STD-001G is a standard that frames the prerequisites for soldering electrical and electronic robotics PCB assembly to meet the IPC-A-610 norm.
● IPC-A-600 essentially characterizes the approaching review necessities of exposed sheets from a PCB manufacturer.
● Cable and wire bridle assembly need to stick to IPC/WHMA-A-620C principles.
● IPC-A-630 is for worthiness standard for production, review, and testing of electronic devices that must be trailed by the contact manufacturer.
● Improve, fix, and adjustment of robotics PCB assemblies are covered under IPC 7711/7721C.
● IPC-M-108 is the robotics PCB assembly cleaning guide and handbook covering all areas of cleaning from present solder dissolvable on the cleaning of PCB, congregations, and surface protection.

5. The substrates of robotics PCB

Each home necessities an establishment whereupon to fabricate. Similarly, every robotics PCB board needs a substrate. The robotics PCB substrate is the actual material that holds the follows and parts. Picking the right substrate is the most important move toward building a top-notch PCB.

As the PCB industry keeps on developing, we are seeing the utilization of a wide range of sorts of substrates, everything from strong fiberglass to adaptable polymers. Generally, fiberglass has been the most well-known type of substrate. It is a minimal expense, exceptionally dependable material that gives a decent, strong base for the PCB.

6. The types of robotics PCB

The robot is fundamentally an electromechanical machine that contains parts that move and those electronic circuits that contains semiconductor devices including dynamic and inactive electronic parts to control the development of mechanical parts.
There are some types of modern PCB assembly robots more generally used.
The-types-of-robotics-PCB

6.1 Selective compliance assembly robot arm (SCARA)

The SCARA robot has x, y, and z axis of activity in which z-pivot arm is unbending or fixed and x-y plane is flexible or agreeable and has “round” revolution. Thus, the name gives “Selective Compliance”. It is essential to realize that consistence in robots implies, the adaptability or flexibility.

6.2 Cartesian robots

This kind of robot has direct development in each of the 3 chief axis X, Y and Z. The development is at 900 to one another. The 3 arms of this robot are sliding as opposed to pivoting. It looks like the wrist development up/down, in/out, and back/forward. This robot uses the Cartesian direction framework (X, Y, Z), that permits the “end effectors” of robot to move to any point inside its scope or “envelope”.

6.3 Flying probe

a flying probe robot is a kind of robot that utilized to follow associations in a printed circuit board and trace the connections in PCB Board.

6.4 Cabots

A typical need in PCB assembly is the capacity to control a circuit board in different axis, a circumstance that is great for 6-axis cobots. A cobot can take a board off a assembly production system and introduce it into a skeleton, which frequently includes embedding one edge with the legitimate direction, then, at that point, turning the board down into the case and adjusting it properly with fitting power.

The cobot can likewise put the cover on the undercarriage and even drive screws to shut it down. Other ideal multi-hub applications for cobots incorporate snapping separated framed sheets or embedding and eliminating sheets from a test dance.
How about we see the various regions where businesses effectively use robots in PCB assembly.

● PCB handling robot
● PCB solder robot
● PCB assembly robot
● PCB inspection and testing robots

7. Robotics PCB assembly benefits

PCB robots are supplanting work in the enterprises and bring many advantages, as talked about beneath:
● Simple and easy Traceability Through Laser Marking
● Exceptionally and High Accurate Solder Pasting
● Diminished Solder Defects
● Further developed Throughput by Pick and Place Machines
● Quick and Accurate Optical Inspection
● Clear Visibility Through Large Components
● Diminishes security issues
● Robotized part review
● Different board reviews in one go
● Fast organization of new product offerings in no time

8. Application of robotics PCB assembly

Application-of-Robotics-PCB-assemblySimply the way robots have numerous applications, robotics PCB assembly likewise the application of robots in some fields has promoted the production and development of PCB. The following are a few applications.

Medical
Using medical robots have had the option to conquer a portion of the disservices experienced with human specialists. While taking care of microbes or working close to debilitated patients, medical robots can’t get tainted. Likewise, these robots have the capacity of conveying supplies and prescriptions rapidly to the patients and specialists.

Marine
Robot’s marine applications incorporate devices to convey remote exploration in submerged applications. Because of the way that these circumstances as a rule place these robots in outrageous tension and temperature conditions, PCBs used here should be exceptionally vigorous to deal with this climate. Circuit sheets for vessels, marine robots, as well as different applications connected with marine can help in controlling everything including route, temperature sensors, strong state lasers, and correspondence.

Energy
It could be vital for the energy area to require entirely sturdy and rigid PCBs. This is to assist with enduring the states of seaward tasks, power plants, and treatment facilities, which are normally unforgiving. Likewise rigid PCBs that element intensity and dampness safe parts can continue to control the robotic technology or robotized devices.

9. What are the challenges when robotic PCB assembly?

Robotics PCB assembly normally experience many difficulties to guarantee that they capability appropriately. To ensure the robots work appropriately, the PCB assembly should have superior grade. It is vital to stay away from gambles, most particularly for the robotics applications that put the security or lives of individuals in danger.

9.1 Consideration in PCB design

Analyzing the plan of the board to stay away from issues and guarantee manufacturability is vital. The PCB design should have a reasonable orientation, for example, the orientation of input/output, AC / DC, strong/weak signals, high frequency/low frequency, high/low voltage, etc. should be linear (or separate) and not blend with each other. In addition, the PCB design should choose the location of the contact point, and the capacitors should be correctly arranged. Wire diameter requirements of the buried hole through-hole size appropriate, while minimizing the number of solder points per hole and line density

9.2 Quality

The robotics PCB assembly quality means utilizing printed circuit sheets (PCBs) that follows the course of value confirmation during assembling. From your PCB supplier request this affirmation – ISO 9001:2015. A PCBA manufacturer worth considering – IBE. Company has many certificates like ISO 9001, ISO 14001,UL No:E326838,IATF 16949 and ISO 13485, which ensure that quality is the perfect. Besides, in order to ensure quality and service, the company also has strict processes like IQC, FCT, QC, etc.
Robotics-PCB-assembly-in-automation-industry

Conclusion

The points of interest and nature of your robotics PCB assembly fog cautiously match your ideal tasks. Likewise, you need to address the difficulties of these advanced robotics. To this end you really want to work with an expert to convey circuit boards meeting your venture’s specs. We at IBE PCB can satisfy your needs and needs because our abilities incorporate different surface completions and speedy circle back. You can look at our most recent articles to comprehend robotics PCB assembly better.